Date

4-30-2020

Description

During the era surrounding the Civil War in the United States, a time where the country was likely at its most racially tense and divided, there was a group of writers in Southern Louisiana endangering their livelihood in order to publish their essays, short stories, and poetry that challenged their intellectual contemporaries. This group consisted of educated, free, Creole men of color, who wrote fervently, showing that they too could create art like their white counterparts. These men would frequently publish in black-run newspapers, often protecting themselves from violence towards them by writing under pseudonyms. This is the case for Adolphe Duhart, who wrote emotionally and politically charged poetry under the name Lelia D. in some of New Orleans most successful French-language newspapers, such as La Renaissance Louisianaise and La Tribune de la Nouvelle-Orl√©ans. Through exploring Duhart's life as a gunsmith, a member of the Louisiana Guard, a principal of l,ôEcole des Orphelins Indigents, and a prolific poet, this paper examines the influence of Duhart and his colleagues, such as Armand Lanusse, Joani Questy, and Henry Louis Rey, on Southern American literature as a whole. Through the presentation of originally found work by Duhart, this paper answers the questions about his life in New Orleans,îsuch as the reason behind the pseudonym he used, how he was influential in Louisiana spiritualism, and why the newspapers he worked for were often victims of hate crimes,îand uncovers a significant part African American history that has often been systematically erased.

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Apr 30th, 12:00 AM

Battling a World of Hate with Hope: Unearthing the Life and Work of Adolphe Duhart

During the era surrounding the Civil War in the United States, a time where the country was likely at its most racially tense and divided, there was a group of writers in Southern Louisiana endangering their livelihood in order to publish their essays, short stories, and poetry that challenged their intellectual contemporaries. This group consisted of educated, free, Creole men of color, who wrote fervently, showing that they too could create art like their white counterparts. These men would frequently publish in black-run newspapers, often protecting themselves from violence towards them by writing under pseudonyms. This is the case for Adolphe Duhart, who wrote emotionally and politically charged poetry under the name Lelia D. in some of New Orleans most successful French-language newspapers, such as La Renaissance Louisianaise and La Tribune de la Nouvelle-Orl√©ans. Through exploring Duhart's life as a gunsmith, a member of the Louisiana Guard, a principal of l,ôEcole des Orphelins Indigents, and a prolific poet, this paper examines the influence of Duhart and his colleagues, such as Armand Lanusse, Joani Questy, and Henry Louis Rey, on Southern American literature as a whole. Through the presentation of originally found work by Duhart, this paper answers the questions about his life in New Orleans,îsuch as the reason behind the pseudonym he used, how he was influential in Louisiana spiritualism, and why the newspapers he worked for were often victims of hate crimes,îand uncovers a significant part African American history that has often been systematically erased.