Date

5-1-2020

Description

1945 marked the end of World War II, the fall of the National Socialist Workers Party (NSDAP), and led to a divided Germany. When the war officially ended, Germany was broken and the concept of Stunde Null, zero hour, was implemented. Stunde Null's intention was to allow Germany to rebuild and it encouraged forgetting the past in order to move forward. Initiating this plan during this vulnerable period left fertile ground for the country to be swayed politically. An easy way to reach audiences was cinema. The NSDAP capitalized on technological advancements in film and created a new system of propaganda that would ultimately revolutionize the practice. The newsreels, originated in World War I, became one of the largest components of Nazi propaganda and were news reports shown before movie screenings, targeting their audience in large numbers at a time. It was also in a setting the German citizenry were not expecting as people attended the movies for pleasure or emotional escape.. Understanding the Nazi's employment of cinema is crucial in order to understand the employment of cinema in the post-war period. Since the population had been previously exposed and acclimated to the newsreels, the countries occupying Germany - France, Great Britain, the United States of America, and the Soviet Union - decided to implement the newsreels in their respective zones as part of the Denazification initiative. The newsreels of the east and west differed in execution but the intent was the same: to politically influence the people living in their zones.

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May 1st, 12:00 AM

Welt im Film, der Augenzeuge, und die Deutsche Demokratische Republiik: The Power of Propaganda in Germany's Post-World War II Climate (1945-1962)

1945 marked the end of World War II, the fall of the National Socialist Workers Party (NSDAP), and led to a divided Germany. When the war officially ended, Germany was broken and the concept of Stunde Null, zero hour, was implemented. Stunde Null's intention was to allow Germany to rebuild and it encouraged forgetting the past in order to move forward. Initiating this plan during this vulnerable period left fertile ground for the country to be swayed politically. An easy way to reach audiences was cinema. The NSDAP capitalized on technological advancements in film and created a new system of propaganda that would ultimately revolutionize the practice. The newsreels, originated in World War I, became one of the largest components of Nazi propaganda and were news reports shown before movie screenings, targeting their audience in large numbers at a time. It was also in a setting the German citizenry were not expecting as people attended the movies for pleasure or emotional escape.. Understanding the Nazi's employment of cinema is crucial in order to understand the employment of cinema in the post-war period. Since the population had been previously exposed and acclimated to the newsreels, the countries occupying Germany - France, Great Britain, the United States of America, and the Soviet Union - decided to implement the newsreels in their respective zones as part of the Denazification initiative. The newsreels of the east and west differed in execution but the intent was the same: to politically influence the people living in their zones.